Ontogeny and taxonomy of Paurodon valens (Mammalia, Cladotheria) from the Upper Jurassic Morrison Formation of USA

A.O. Averianov, T. Martin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearch

Abstract

Several basal cladotherian taxa previously referred to the “Paurodontidae” (Dryolestida) from the Upper Jurassic Morrison Formation of Wyoming, U.S.A. represent ontogenetic and individual variation of one single taxon, Paurodon valens Marsh, 1887 (= Archaeotrigon brevimaxillus Simpson, 1927, syn. n.; = Pelicopsis dubius Simpson, 1927, syn. n.; = Archaeotrigon distagmus Simpson, 1929, syn. n.; = Araeodon intermissus Simpson, 1937, syn. n.; =Foxraptor atrox Bakker et Carpenter, 1990, syn. n.). P. valens is characterized by prolonged dental replacement, including late eruption of m4 (and m5 as individual variation) and a time gap between shedding of dp2 and eruption of p2, which can be lost in aged individuals. By a shortened dentary and mandibular symphysis, two-three simple premolariform teeth, and four molariform teeth with tall trigonid and small talonid, P. valens is strinkingly similar to the modern golden moles (Chrysochloridae), particularly to Amblysomus hottentotus. This similarity suggests that P. val
LanguageEnglish
Pages326-340
JournalТРУДЫ ЗООЛОГИЧЕСКОГО ИНСТИТУТА РАН
Volume319
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Cladotheria
  • Dryolestida
  • Jurassic
  • Mammalia
  • Morrison Formation
  • ontogeny
  • Paurodon
  • taxonomy

Cite this

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title = "Ontogeny and taxonomy of Paurodon valens (Mammalia, Cladotheria) from the Upper Jurassic Morrison Formation of USA",
abstract = "Several basal cladotherian taxa previously referred to the “Paurodontidae” (Dryolestida) from the Upper Jurassic Morrison Formation of Wyoming, U.S.A. represent ontogenetic and individual variation of one single taxon, Paurodon valens Marsh, 1887 (= Archaeotrigon brevimaxillus Simpson, 1927, syn. n.; = Pelicopsis dubius Simpson, 1927, syn. n.; = Archaeotrigon distagmus Simpson, 1929, syn. n.; = Araeodon intermissus Simpson, 1937, syn. n.; =Foxraptor atrox Bakker et Carpenter, 1990, syn. n.). P. valens is characterized by prolonged dental replacement, including late eruption of m4 (and m5 as individual variation) and a time gap between shedding of dp2 and eruption of p2, which can be lost in aged individuals. By a shortened dentary and mandibular symphysis, two-three simple premolariform teeth, and four molariform teeth with tall trigonid and small talonid, P. valens is strinkingly similar to the modern golden moles (Chrysochloridae), particularly to Amblysomus hottentotus. This similarity suggests that P. val",
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journal = "ТРУДЫ ЗООЛОГИЧЕСКОГО ИНСТИТУТА РАН",
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AU - Averianov,A.O.

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N2 - Several basal cladotherian taxa previously referred to the “Paurodontidae” (Dryolestida) from the Upper Jurassic Morrison Formation of Wyoming, U.S.A. represent ontogenetic and individual variation of one single taxon, Paurodon valens Marsh, 1887 (= Archaeotrigon brevimaxillus Simpson, 1927, syn. n.; = Pelicopsis dubius Simpson, 1927, syn. n.; = Archaeotrigon distagmus Simpson, 1929, syn. n.; = Araeodon intermissus Simpson, 1937, syn. n.; =Foxraptor atrox Bakker et Carpenter, 1990, syn. n.). P. valens is characterized by prolonged dental replacement, including late eruption of m4 (and m5 as individual variation) and a time gap between shedding of dp2 and eruption of p2, which can be lost in aged individuals. By a shortened dentary and mandibular symphysis, two-three simple premolariform teeth, and four molariform teeth with tall trigonid and small talonid, P. valens is strinkingly similar to the modern golden moles (Chrysochloridae), particularly to Amblysomus hottentotus. This similarity suggests that P. val

AB - Several basal cladotherian taxa previously referred to the “Paurodontidae” (Dryolestida) from the Upper Jurassic Morrison Formation of Wyoming, U.S.A. represent ontogenetic and individual variation of one single taxon, Paurodon valens Marsh, 1887 (= Archaeotrigon brevimaxillus Simpson, 1927, syn. n.; = Pelicopsis dubius Simpson, 1927, syn. n.; = Archaeotrigon distagmus Simpson, 1929, syn. n.; = Araeodon intermissus Simpson, 1937, syn. n.; =Foxraptor atrox Bakker et Carpenter, 1990, syn. n.). P. valens is characterized by prolonged dental replacement, including late eruption of m4 (and m5 as individual variation) and a time gap between shedding of dp2 and eruption of p2, which can be lost in aged individuals. By a shortened dentary and mandibular symphysis, two-three simple premolariform teeth, and four molariform teeth with tall trigonid and small talonid, P. valens is strinkingly similar to the modern golden moles (Chrysochloridae), particularly to Amblysomus hottentotus. This similarity suggests that P. val

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